The basis of the feudal system was the oath of loyalty or the «feudal contract.» This oath defined the roles and responsibilities to be played for both the lower and the superior masters. For example: The vassals were necessary: 1). Serve personally in the Lord`s army. 2). Make soldiers available to the Lord`s army. 3). Pay taxes to the Lord. 4). Be obedient, faithful and faithful to the Lord. In exchange for the oath of loyalty, the vassals received a fiefdom (country). Here too, the earth was the basis of power during the feudal period. Fiefs ranged from a small village to something as big as an entire province. The main task of the vassal was to manage justice in its fiefdom.
The vassal, or the inferior master, was also responsible for collecting taxes on behalf of his master liar. The bond between a lord and a vassal was established in a ceremony that served to celebrate the fiefdom. The vassal knelt before the Lord and placed his hands between those of the Lord, as a sign of subordination. Immediately afterwards, the Lord raised the vassal at his feet and kissed it on the mouth to symbolize their social equality. The vassal then recited a predetermined oath of fidelity, and the Lord laid a plot of land at the vassal. And what is the role of a vassal? Another important duty of a vassal was to look after his feudal lord during court. He was also responsible for recruiting more men into his master`s army, protecting and managing his master`s mansion, supervising all the serfs and peasants who lived on the lord, and acting as mercenaries for his Lord. Feudalism must also be distinguished from the widespread brutality and oppression of medieval Europe. The popular understanding of feudalism often equates the bloody conquests of the Middle Ages (500-1500) with feudalism, because feudalism was a dominant social framework for much of the period. Feudalism, however, was a relatively civil arrangement in a particularly vicious period and a particularly vicious place in history.
A vassal`s relationship with a lord was helpful, but it was also based on mutual respect, and feudalism is the first systematic and voluntary sale of Vererbbise lands. The relationship between a lord and a vassal depended on mutual respect. If the vassal refused to provide services or in any way harm the Lord`s interests, the Lord could take the feudal court to remove his fiefdom. At the same time, the Lord was expected to treat the vassal with dignity and not impose unjustified demands on the vassals. If the Lord abused the vassal, the vassal could break the faith in the Lord and offer his services to another Lord, preferably to the one who could protect the vassal from the wrath of the provocative Lord. After the welcome ceremony, the Lord and the Vassal were in a feudal relationship with agreed commitments with each other. The vassal`s main duty to the Lord was «help» or military service. With the equipment that the vassal could obtain because of the fiefdom`s income, he was responsible for answering calls for military service in the name of the Lord.
This security of military aid was the main reason why the Lord entered the feudal relationship. In addition, the vassal could have other obligations to its Lord, such as participation in its court or baroness, or at the king`s court. While modern writers such as Marx emphasize the negative qualities of feudalism, the French historian Marc Bloch asserts that peasants were an integral part of the feudal relationship: while the vassals performed military service in exchange for the fiefdom, the peasants did physical work in return for protection, thus obtaining some usefulness, despite their limited freedom. Feudalism was therefore a complex social and economic system, defined by heredity grades, each with inherent social and economic privileges and obligations. Feudalism allowed middle-aged societies to maintain a relatively stable political structure, even when the centralized power of empires and kingdoms began to dissolve.