The Paris Climate Agreement: What it means for food and agriculture Despite the decline in energy emissions due to the increasing use of clean technologies, agriculture and food production have been less taken into account when it comes to taking action to reduce CO2 emissions. Between 2012 and 2017, global food production released an average of around 17.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide, according to the researchers. The study recommends a greater emphasis on agriculture and food waste, behind one third of greenhouse gas production References to food and agriculture contained in the text are minimal and are included in the non-binding parts of the text. They are full: the agreement meets all the promises of all parties to reduce emissions from global warming in the next 10 to 15 years. The goal is to put in place improved inspection and monitoring systems that improve emissions reduction plans for all parties, in accordance with science. A global inventory will be carried out every five years. N2 — Climate change has a profound impact on agriculture and food security. At the same time, agriculture contributes significantly to climate change. Fortunately, there is also much to be gained, as the agricultural sector has significant potential to combat climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving security. There is therefore an urgent need for a policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, participate in climate change and increase productivity. Strategies for climate-intelligence agriculture are proposed, but they are still underdeveloped. This article examines whether the 2015 Paris climate agreement leads to the development of such a policy. It notes that the Paris climate agreement unfortunately does not provide a strong incentive for the adoption and implementation of a smart agriculture climate policy.
The Paris climate agreement does not change the awkward relationship between agricultural and climate policy that we have already experienced under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. Adaptation to climate change in rural areas of developing countries is certainly very good, but progress is painfully slow. For developed countries, the UNFCCC does little to address issues related to climate change and food security. This is a pity, as the agricultural sector in industrialized countries will play an important role in meeting the growing global demand for food. Developed countries, including key players such as the EU, should therefore not wait for the UNFCCC process. The EU recently announced its intention to implement an ambitious climate-friendly and resilient food production policy, while maximising the agricultural sector`s contribution to greenhouse gas reduction and fixation. It is essential that this example be followed and implemented around the world. I hope that such initiatives will then be taken up by the international community as part of the UNFCCC process. Clark added that these solutions «include both increasing harvests and reducing food loss and waste, but the most important thing is that individuals move towards mainly plant-based diets.» People would not need to use a vegan diet, as some have asked, but to reduce their consumption of low-carbon foods, which are in large unhealthy quantities, such as meat and dairy products. Pekka Pesonen, eu`s agricultural lobby Copa-Cogeca: «Global food production is expected to fall by 17% for every temperature increase due to more extreme weather conditions such as drought and floods. I welcome this historic agreement, which recognizes for the first time the importance of food security and the fact that producers must increase food production for a world population that is expected to grow by 60% by 2050.
«The study does not provide recommendations for the policies that countries need to take to achieve this, but other experts have ideas.